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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Mean handgrip strength according to various factors

Total (n=11,954) Male (n=5,241) Female (n=6,713)

Mean SE p-value Mean SE p-value Mean SE p-value
Smoking status <0.001 <0.001 0.025
Current smoker 37.84 0.25 39.79 0.22 23.48 0.39
Past smoker 37.41 0.21 38.69 0.20 23.44 0.39
Non-smoker 25.16 0.14 38.48 0.30 22.66 0.10
Alcohol consumption <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Yes 25.73 0.21 39.73 0.15 23.62 0.11
No 32.69 0.14 35.80 0.33 21.33 0.15
Aerobic exercise <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Yes 32.23 0.19 40.02 0.21 23.78 0.13
No 29.63 0.17 38.27 0.19 22.07 0.12
Comorbidities
Hypertension <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Yes 29.38 0.23 37.34 0.24 20.69 0.17
No 31.24 0.14 39.80 0.17 23.49 0.10
Dyslipidemia <0.001 0.289 <0.001
Yes 29.19 0.26 38.79 0.28 21.65 0.15
No 31.14 0.14 39.10 0.16 23.08 0.11
Type 2 diabetes <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Yes 28.71 0.33 36.09 0.34 20.33 0.24
No 30.95 0.14 39.45 0.15 23.01 0.10
Bone diseases * <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Yes 23.18 0.20 34.66 0.45 20.68 0.15
No 32.46 0.13 39.36 0.15 23.62 0.11
Household income <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
1st quartile 25.47 0.24 33.75 0.34 19.89 0.19
2nd quartile 30.12 0.21 38.24 0.26 22.63 0.16
3rd quartile 32.34 0.21 40.46 0.25 23.88 0.15
4th quartile 32.89 0.20 40.82 0.22 23.95 0.14

Abbreviation: SE, standard error.

*Bone diseases include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis.

Korean J Clin Pharm 2021;31:231-6 https://doi.org/10.24304/kjcp.2021.31.3.231
© 2021 Korean J Clin Pharm