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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Prescribing patterns according to WHO 3-Step analgesic ladder

Step Variables Descriptions N %
1 NSAIDs * and non-opioidanalgesics
Acetaminophen 2037 19.81
Aspirin 314 3.05
Piroxicam 63 0.61
Diclofenac 5 0.05
Etodolac 109 1.06
Celecoxib 156 1.52
Ibuprofen 98 0.95
Fenoprofen 5 0.05
Naproxen 92 0.89
Mefenamic acid 101 0.98
Nabumetone 15 0.15
Oxaprozin 1 0.01
Flurbiprofen 1 0.01
Ketoprofen 42 0.41
Mefenamic acid 101 0.98
Nabumetone 15 0.15
2 Weak-opioid analgesics
Codeine 295 2.87
Dihydrocodeine 2 0.02
Tramadol 6650 64.66
3 Strong-Opioid analgesics
Fentanyl 64 0.62
Oxycodone 110 1.07
Morphine 4 0.04
Hydromorphone 4 0.04

* Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

Korean J Clin Pharm 2021;31:115-24 https://doi.org/10.24304/kjcp.2021.31.2.115
© 2021 Korean J Clin Pharm