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The Awareness of Contraception and Experience of Oral Contraceptives among North Korean Defector Women in Republic of Korea
Korean J Clin Pharm 2019;29(1):33-44
Published online March 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean College of Clinical Pharmacy.

Sohui Han1, Kwang Joon Kim2, and Joon Seok Bang3*

1Graduate School of Clinical Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Republic of Korea
2Department of Pharmacy, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju 61453, Republic of Korea
3College of Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Republic of Korea
Correspondence to: Joon Seok Bang, Rm. 308, College of Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women’s University, Cheongpa-ro 47-gil 100, Yongsangu, Seoul 04310, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-2077-7526, Fax: +82-2-710-9799, E-mail: jsbang@sm.ac.kr
Received March 4, 2019; Revised March 18, 2019; Accepted March 18, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non- Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: This study attempts to gauge the necessity of contraceptive education for women defecting from North Korea (NKDWs). Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with six NKDWs who had lived in the Republic of Korea (ROK) for more than three years, to understand the subjects’ perceptions, experiences, and opinions regarding contraception. Thematic analyses were performed using qualitative data provided in the survey results. Results: Before their defections from North Korea, none of the NKDWs had received any sex education. Loop is the only contraceptive method available to married women in ROK. After defection, NKDWs were provided information about contraceptive options available in China, but they could not fully understand this information. Furthermore, the information they received was not accurate. Thus, NKDWs had a high need for contraceptive sex education. As per our survey, their preferred education method was at least 3 lessons plus 1 : 1 counseling, as necessary. Conclusion: This study indicates that a necessity exists for development of a sex education program for NKDWs to enhance their contraceptive knowledge. Thus, government and health managers have a role to play in developing such a program.
Keywords : North Korean defecting women, awareness of contraception, oral contraceptives, women’s health


March 2019, 29 (1)
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