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Mediation Effect of Self-efficacy between Health Status and Drug Abuse Behavior
Korean J Clin Pharm 2018;28(3):238-242
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean College of Clinical Pharmacy.

Kyung Lae Park and Ha Young Jang*

College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea
Correspondence to: Ha Young Jang, College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, 99, Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-10-9400-9544, Fax: +82-41-688-5351
Received April 27, 2018; Revised July 15, 2018; Accepted July 24, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The appropriate use of drugs is very important for a healthy life, as appropriate medication must be taken correctly for successful treatment of a disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the self-efficacy between health status and drug abuse behavior.
Methods: The subjects of this study were selected from 15 workshops located in Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, and Chungnam, and, convenience sampling was conducted for each employee between September, 2017 and October 2017. A total of 204 questionnaires were analyzed. The questions evaluated health status, self-efficacy, drug abuse behavior, and general characteristics.
Results: First, there was no difference in health status according to the general characteristics of the subjects. The self-efficacy varied according to gender, educational background, and monthly income, but not by marital status and residence area. In addition, drug abuse behaviors differed according to gender, residence area, and monthly income, but not by marital status and education level. Second, drug abuse behavior negatively correlated with health status and self-efficacy. Third, regression analysis showed that the self-efficacy between the health status and drug abuse behavior had a partially mediating effect.
Conclusion: In patients with poor health status, it is necessary to increase their self-efficacy to reduce reduce drug abuse. Therefore, regular education programs targeting efficacy and drug knowledge are required in the community.
Keywords : Health status, drug abuse behavior, self-efficacy, mediation effect, drug use education

September 2018, 28 (3)
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