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Improvement of Night Pharmacy Service by Automated Dispensing Cabinet System Implementation in Emergency Medical Center
Korean J Clin Pharm 2018;28(1):51-56
Published online March 31, 2018
© 2018 Korean College of Clinical Pharmacy.

Kyung Hee Kim1,2, Sun Ah Kim2, and Sandy Jeong Rhie1,2,3*

1Graduate School of Converging Clinical and Public Health, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Republic of Korea
2Department of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul 07985, Republic of Korea
3College of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Republic of Korea
Correspondence to: Sandy Jeong Rhie, 1Graduate School of Converging Clinical and Public Health, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Republic of Korea, 2Department of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul 07985, Republic of Korea, 3College of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University, 52 Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-3277-3023, Fax: +82-2-3277-2851
E-mail: sandy.rhie@ewha.ac.kr
Received January 22, 2018; Revised March 21, 2018; Accepted March 21, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: An automated process for medication preparation and dispensing is essential to improve the quality of work. To reduce night pharmacy workload, a new automated dispensing cabinet system was implemented in a hospital emergency medical center. The purpose of this study is to verify that implementation of an automated dispensing cabinet system will influence the efficiency of night pharmacy work.
Methods: To evaluate the new system implementation, a retrospective study and survey was performed in the Ewha Womans University medical center. We compared the dispensing and near-miss error rates between the automated dispensing cabinet system and a night pharmacy. The degree of satisfaction of night shift workers with the new system was surveyed.
Results: This study showed significantly reduced dispensing rates of night medications (56.1% and 37.3%; p < 0.01) and near-miss night medications (0.27% and 0.17%; p<0.01). Thirty-two persons responded to the survey, and the satisfaction score for the new system was 4.0 (±0.8). The scores were high in order of efficiency, management, and convenience. Time requirement was also reduced because of the simple step of only reviewing in the pharmacy with the new system.
Conclusion: Due to system implementation, workload was reduced and time was saved for not only night shift workers but also patients receiving emergency discharge medicine. It was suggested that this will have a positive effect on pharmacist medical service and patient safety.
Keywords : Automated dispensing cabinet system, night pharmacy, emergency center, pharmacy operation, satisfaction


March 2018, 28 (1)
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