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OTC Drug Regulatory System of Korea Comparing toOther Countries
Korean J Clin Pharm 2005;15(2):127-138
Published online December 30, 2005
© 2005 Korean College of Clinical Pharmacy.

Hyun Soon Sohn and Hyun Taek Shin

College of Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea
Abstract
This is to examine the OTC regulatory system of Korea in comparison with those of Japan, UK and US, and suggest the possible regulatory actions to harmonize it to international standards. Individual countries have their own regulatory requirements and processes for OTC application based on established drug monographs and safety profiles from clinicalexperiences. Categories of OTC drug monographs are being expanded with transparent establishment procedure according to detailed guidelines, and public opinions as well as professional experts for assessing appropriateness of wide usage without physician's prescription. In line with trend of self-medication worldwide, the number of OTC drugsis increasing and more efficient and professional drug review is underway in the separate OTC division in regulatory agency. For improving OTC regulatory system in Korea, settlement of optimal drug classification policy and management for encouraging OTC drug use, development of more detailed and specific guidelines for OTC drug application, expansion of OTC drug monographs, transparent process for OTC monographs establishment, and establishment of OTC division in health authority, are suggested.
Keywords : OTC, nonprescription drug, drug monograph, drug application


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