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The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Changes of Pharmacists’ Roles in the Future
Korean J Clin Pharm 2020;30(4):217-225
Published online December 31, 2020
© 2020 Korean College of Clinical Pharmacy.

Yookyeong Kim and Jeong-Hyun Yoon*

College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea
Correspondence to: Jeong-Hyun Yoon, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, 63 Beon-gil 2, Busandaehag-ro, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-51-510-2804, Fax: +82-51-513-6754
Received August 27, 2020; Accepted September 28, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The fourth industrial revolution, with its characteristics of “hyper-connectivity”, “hyper-intelligence” and “automation”, is a hot topic worldwide. It will fundamentally change industry, economy, and business models through technological innovations, such as big data, cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and 3D printing. In particular, the development of highly advanced information technology (IT) and AI is expected to replace human roles, thereby changing employment and occupation prospects in the future. Based on this, some predict that the profession of the pharmacist will soon disappear. To counter this, pharmacists’ attention and efforts are required to seek innovative transformations in their functions by responding sensitively and promptly to changes of the fourth industrial revolution. It is also necessary to recognize the new roles of pharmacists and to develop the competencies to perform them. The fourth industrial revolution is an inevitable change of the times. At this time, we should take comprehensive and open perspectives on how the future society will change economically, culturally, and socially, and use it as an opportunity to shape the new future of pharmacists.
Keywords : Fourth industrial revolution, pharmacist, future, healthcare

December 2020, 30 (4)
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