pISSN 1226-6051
eISSN 2508-786X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Pharmaceutical waste management programs by country

 CountrySouth KoreaUnited StatesCanada (British Columbia)FranceAustralia
Legal regulation

LawWastes Control Act (Ministerial Decree, Article 14, Annex 5)5Extended Producer Responsibility LawRecycling Regulation, B.C. 449/2004Law no. 2009-718Unspecified

ResponsibilityUnspecifiedPharmaceutical company: disposalPharmaceutical company: reportPharmacy: collection, report Pharmaceutical company: conveyance, disposalUnspecified

Who pay forUnspecifiedUnspecifiedPharmaceutical company provides free collection boxesPharmacy provides free collection serviceUnspecified

Enforcement program

ProgramHousehold waste drug- take back program (2008-2010)National drug take back dayBritish Columbia medications return programCyclamedReturn unwanted medicines project

OrganizerCentral government (Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Health and Welfare) Private nonprofit organization (Korean Pharmaceutical Association)Central government (Drug Enforcement Agency) Private nonprofit organization (Product Stewardship Institute)National nonprofit organization (Health Products Stewardship Association)Private nonprofit organization (CYCLAMED)National nonprofit organization (Return Unwanted Medicines)

InclusionHousehold disposal drug productsHousehold disposal drug productsPrescription medicines, otc products, health dietary productsTablets, capsules, powder, ointments, creams, gels, syrups, suppositories, bulbs, ovules, patches, aerosols, sprays, inhalersPrescription medicines, otc products, health dietary products, gels, creams, liquids, herbal medicines, medicines for animals

ExclusionUnspecifiedMedical facility waste medicinesMedical facility waste medicines, syringes, needles, sharps, cosmetics, skin cleansers, pesticide, medicines for animalsSyringes, needles, chemical products, cosmetics, medicines for animals, glasses, thermometers, X-ray photography, empty packagingSyringe, needles, sharps, restricted medicines, surgical lancets

Who pay forKorean Pharmaceutical Association, Pharmaceutical company, Wholesaler, Local governmentPharmaceutical company, Central government (Drug Enforcement Agency)Pharmaceutical companyPharmaceutical company (based on sale volumes)Commonwealth government

Promotion channelTV, newspapers, poster, subway ad, plastic bag, e-mail, videoTV, radio, newspapers, poster, pamphlet, e-mailBroadcasting news, newspapers, pamphlet, calendar, e-mailTV, newsletter, poster, window sticker, website, SNS, app, cartoonNewspapers, poster, pamphlet, video

Information updatesNoneHomepage operated, limited information provided and updated every 6 monthsHomepage operated and updated often, annual report disseminatedHomepage operated, annual report disseminatedHomepage operated, recent updates unspecified within 1 year

CountrySouth KoreaUnited StatesCanada (British Columbia)FranceAustralia

Program performance

Rate of awareness=54.8% (2010)No data72% (2016)62% (2014) 74% (2016)17.6% (2016)

Rate of participation¡16.9% (2010)No data39% (2016)77% (2014) 80% (2016)22.6% (2016)

Amount collected9t (2008, Seoul) 33t (2009, National)447t (2016) 450t (2017)100t (2015) 88t (2016)12,056t (2014) 11,884t (2016)705t (2015) 742t (2016)

ReferenceProper use of drugs in home and collection and management for waste drugsNational prescription Drug take back day202015annual report21 2016annual report222014 annual report23 2016 annual report24National return and disposal of unwanted medicines project audit 201625

Rate of awareness=the number of respondents who were aware of the way of taking away of waste medicines/the number of persons partaking in the survey

Rate of participation=the number of participants who took part in waste drug take back programs/the number of persons partaking in the survey

Korean J Clin Pharm 2019;29:286-94 https://doi.org/10.24304/kjcp.2019.29.4.286
© 2019 Korean J Clin Pharm