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Table. 6.

Table. 6.

Difference in irritable bowel syndrome according to major variables

 Variables CategoryIBSp-value

Yes (n, %)No (n, %)
IBS according to general characteristics

Age22.8±1.723.0±1.90.64

Grade1 (Freshman)15 (78.9)4 (21.1)0.52
2 (Sophomore)39 (86.7)6 (13.3)
3 (Junior)34 (82.9)7 (17.1)
4 (Senior)50 (90.9)5 (9.1)

MajorHumanities56 (87.5)8 (12.5)0.69
Science & Engineering63 (84.0)12 (16.0)
Arts & Physical education19 (90.5)2 (9.5)

Experiences with digestive- related diseases (n=119)Yes100 (84.0)19 (16.0)0.25
No38 (92.7)3 (7.3)

EnteritisNo17 (94.4)1 (5.6)0.23
Yes83 (82.2)18 (17.8)

Peptic ulcerNo98 (85.2)17 (14.8)0.14
Yes2 (50.0)2 (50.0)

Duodenal ulcerNo100 (84.7)18 (15.3)0.25
Yes0 (0.0)1 (100.0)

GastritisNo50 (89.3)6 (10.7)0.17
Yes50 (79.4)13 (20.6)

EsophagitisNo91 (85.0)16 (15.0)0.43
Yes9 (75.0)3 (25.0)

TyphlitisNo93 (85.3)16 (14.7)0.27
Yes7 (70.0)3 (30.0)

Experiences with Nondigestive diseases (n=39)Yes32 (82.1)7 (17.9)0.41
No106 (87.6)15 (12.4)

DiabetesNo31 (81.6)7 (18.4)1.03
Yes1 (100.0)0 (0.0)

HypertensionNo30 (81.1)7 (18.9)1.02
Yes2 (100.0)0 (0.0)

Hepatitis BNo32 (86.5)5 (13.5)0.06
Yes0 (0.0)2 (100.0)

AsthmaNo23 (82.1)5 (17.9)1.01
Yes9 (81.8)2 (18.2)

StrokeNo31 (81.6)7 (18.4)1.02
Yes1 (100.0)0 (0.0)

HypothyroidismNo29 (82.9)6 (17.1)0.59
Yes3 (75.0)1 (25.0)

Mental diseasesNo23 (92.0)2 (8.0)0.10
Yes9 (64.3)5 (35.7)

Other diseasesNo22 (78.6)6 (21.4)0.40
Yes10 (90.9)1 (9.1)

Medication or Health Supplement use (n=96)Yes83 (86.5)13 (13.5)1.05
No55 (85.9)9 (14.1)

AntibioticsNo63 (94.0)4 (6.0)0.01
Yes20 (69.0)9 (31.0)

HypnoticsNo76 (85.4)13 (14.6)0.33
Yes7 (100.0)0 (0.0)

AnalgesicsNo57 (91.9)5 (8.1)<0.001
Yes26 (76.5)8 (23.5)

AspirinNo80 (89.9)9 (10.1)<0.001
Yes3 (42.9)4 (57.1)

HormonesNo78 (87.6)11 (12.4)0.21
Yes5 (71.4)2 (28.6)

Calcium preparationsNo74 (89.2)9 (10.8)0.14
Yes9 (69.2)4 (30.8)

Iron preparationsNo69 (84.1)13 (15.9)0.13
Yes14 (100.0)0 (0.0)

Multi-vitaminsNo27 (79.4)7 (20.6)0.11
Yes56 (90.3)6 (9.7)

Herbal medicineNo73 (91.3)7 (8.8)<0.001
Yes10 (62.5)6 (37.5)

Red ginsengNo60 (87.0)9 (13.0)0.84
Yes23 (85.2)4 (14.8)

LactobacillusNo62 (88.6)8 (11.4)0.29
Yes21 (80.8)5 (19.2)

Other medicinesNo81 (86.2)13 (13.8)1.02
Yes2 (100.0)0 (0.0)

Health-related lifestyle
SmokingYes2 (100.0)0 (0.0)0.61
No136 (86.1)22 (13.9)

DrinkingYes90 (84.1)17 (15.9)0.33
No48 (90.6)5 (9.4)

Stress indexLow49 (96.1)2 (3.9)<0.001
Moderate63 (86.3)10 (13.7)
Severe26 (72.2)10 (27.8)

Stress index score2.3±0.73.0±0.8<0.001

Subjective symptoms of IBSYes60 (75.9)19 (24.1)<0.001
No78 (96.3)3 (3.7)

Whether foods causing IBS (n=79)Yes36 (72.0)14 (28.0)0.34
No24 (82.8)5 (17.2)

Whether milk causing IBS (n=50)No15 (71.4)6 (28.6)1.04
Yes21 (72.4)8 (27.6)

Whether other foods causing IBS (n=50)No20 (76.9)6 (23.1)0.45
Yes16 (66.7)8 (33.3)

History of treatment of IBS (n=79)No treatment47 (81.0)11 (19.0)0.24
1 time7 (63.6)4 (36.4)
2 times3 (75.0)1 (25.0)
3 times or more3 (50.0)3 (50.0)

Selected methods fortreating IBS (n=79)Do nothing14 (87.5)2 (12.5)0.15
Consult doctor12 (75.0)4 (25.0)
Consult pharmacist3 (75.0)1 (25.0)
Internet portal consultation5 (71.4)2 (28.6)
Diet therapy9 (100.0)0 (0.0)
Biotics products4 (50.0)4 (50.0)
Rest12 (75.0)4 (25.0)
Taking medication as self-decision1 (33.3)2 (66.7)

Visit for doctor consultation (n=16)Tertiary hospital2 (100.0)0 (0.0)0.55
Secondary hospital1 (100.0)0 (0.0)
Primary hospital9 (75.0)3 (25.0)
Oriental clinic0 (0.0)1 (100.0)

Medicines due to IBS (n=79)Yes3 (50.0)3 (50.0)0.15
No57 (78.1)16 (21.9)

Laxatives (n=6)No1(25.0)3 (75.0)0.41
Yes2(100.0)0 (0.0)

Anti-diarrhetica (n=6)No3 (75.0)1(25.0)0.43
Yes0 (0.0)2(100.0)

Etc. (n=6)No2 (66.7)1(33.3)1.05
Yes1 (33.3)2(66.7)

M (mean); SD (standard deviation); IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome)

Korean J Clin Pharm 2019;29:156-65 https://doi.org/10.24304/kjcp.2019.29.3.156
© 2019 Korean J Clin Pharm